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Interpretations

Notice: Oregon OSHA provides compliance guidance that represents the explanation, clarification, or application of the provisions of the Oregon Safe Employment Act (ORS Chapter 654) and Oregon OSHA's administrative rules.  It does not add to, alter, or replace those provisions that alone are legally binding.

Compliance guidance depends on the particular facts and circumstances described in the request for guidance. The existence of other facts or circumstances may lead to different conclusions.

You should be aware that OR-OSHA's compliance guidance is subject to periodic review and clarification, amplification, or correction and can be affected by subsequent rulemaking or changes in the law.

Interpretations Categories:



Agriculture

08/23/11 - Jurisdiction for farms when the farm's only employees are family members
07/08/11 - Waterless Hand Sanitizer Use in Agriculture
02/25/11 - Fish Hatcheries
10/15/10 - Anhydrous Ammonia in Agricultural Farm Supply Businesses
08/02/07 - Pesticide labels and eyewash requirements
12/07/05 - Number of toilets per person in fixed work area
08/21/02 - Division 4, Agriculture Clarifications
01/24/00 - Using Orchard Ladders for other than orchard work


Asbestos

06/21/99 - Asbestos in Construction
06/16/98 - Asbestos bulk sampling


Bloodborne pathogens

05/04/10 - Train Workers in a Manner They Understand
01/01/05 - Four questions about state OSHA program
08/13/04 - Employees Designated as First-Aid Providers
12/24/02 - Handwashing in Healthcare
07/23/01 - Refresher Training
01/11/01 - Volunteer Employee Regulations
03/02/99 - Biohazard Bags
02/26/98 - Handling of Infectious Materials
10/07/97 - Transportation of Hazardous Waste
06/02/97 - Medical waste
04/02/97 - Non-profit organizations and volunteers
01/15/97 - Collateral Duty
01/15/96 - Waiving Hepatitis B Vaccination
01/19/90 - Formaldehyde -- Use in Funeral Homes


Compressed air and gases

04/22/09 - Transport and storage of compressed gas cylinders
05/25/07 - Air Wand automatic cut-offs
09/25/06 - Compressed Air Pipe Labelling
10/11/96 - Compressed air safey
01/30/95 - Use of Compressed Air for Cleaning Purposes


Confined spaces

07/24/13 - Train the Trainer
07/24/13 - Retrieval systems
07/24/13 - Rescue work in confined spaces
10/09/12 - Fall Protection in Confined Spaces
09/23/96 - Entry rescue
06/26/96 - Using PVC for general ventilation
04/11/81 - Confined Space hazards in cleaning-enclosed dairy equipment


Construction

07/24/13 - Rescue work in confined spaces
08/29/12 - Power line Safety
08/29/12 - Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Frequently Asked Questions
04/19/12 - Clarification of High Visibility Safety garments in construction
11/10/10 - Construction crane operator requirements until November, 2014
09/01/09 - Stacking Materials (Safe Heights)
04/22/09 - Transport and storage of compressed gas cylinders
02/26/09 - Climbing Rebar
07/14/08 - Construction Activity -vs- Maintenance Work
05/28/08 - Multi-employer contractor requirements
02/21/08 - Required clearances from the neutral conductor
11/25/07 - Letter to PGE on construction vs. maintenance work
05/25/07 - Air Wand automatic cut-offs
10/21/05 - Guardrails, stair railings, parapets
05/14/04 - Usage of GFCI's on Construction Sites
06/11/03 - Clarification of GFCI Standard
04/28/03 - Sorting Hooks when Setting Stringers for Temporary Bridges
03/25/03 - Trench Shields
11/26/02 - Division 3, Subdivision R Interpretations
09/26/02 - Delivery of Roofing Materials on Construction Sites
03/06/01 - Jurisdiction of city, state & county employees
11/09/99 - DOT Approved Gas Cans
06/30/98 - Flush Toilets
08/25/97 - Hazard Alert-Electrical box guarding
06/27/97 - Application of rules and sole proprietorship
05/19/97 - Wire rope flagging
05/12/97 - 1/2 hour Fire Resistant barriers
01/15/97 - Assured grounding program
12/05/96 - Tunneling and use of propane equipment
11/18/96 - Catch platforms
10/31/96 - Contractor safety responsibilities
06/17/96 - Fall protection and return-to-work programs
02/28/96 - Fall protection temporary and fixed work platforms
07/28/95 - Use of Scaffolding as an Anchorage for Personal Fall Arrest Systems
05/16/94 - Spider Boxes on Construction Sites
05/24/93 - Ladders Attached to Scaffolding
09/30/91 - Excavation/Competent person and radial arm saw guarding
09/05/91 - Construction Ladder Code
09/25/90 - Material Chutes at Building Demolition Sites


Cranes and derricks

12/02/14 - Crane Operator Certification
08/29/12 - Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Frequently Asked Questions
08/29/12 - Power line Safety
05/10/11 - Steel Erection, protection for workers working in locations covered by one or more floors exposed to overhead lifting operations
04/25/11 - Required inspections for gantry cranes
04/19/11 - Anti-two Blocking Systems
11/10/10 - Construction crane operator requirements until November, 2014
12/16/94 - Operations of Cranes


Electrical

08/29/12 - Power line Safety
02/21/08 - Required clearances from the neutral conductor
01/28/08 - Rubber goods use and testing
11/23/05 - Exposure to light bulb hazard
05/14/04 - Usage of GFCI's on Construction Sites
03/16/04 - NFPA 70E
02/02/04 - Electrical Panel clearance requirements
12/08/03 - Static Electricity
06/11/03 - Clarification of GFCI Standard
05/08/03 - Definition of "Railway" as found in OAR 437-002-1910.302, Electrical
11/26/02 - Division 3, Subdivision R Interpretations
04/02/99 - Tree trimming
09/15/98 - Un-Licensed Electrical Worker Requirements
08/24/98 - Labeling Field Requirements
12/18/97 - Safety Watcher
10/27/97 - Use of harness for hot work
08/25/97 - Hazard Alert-Electrical box guarding
05/20/97 - Harness Flammability in Electrical Power transmission work
05/20/97 - Fall Protection in Electrical Power work
06/28/96 - Requirements for employees doing high voltage work
05/01/96 - Training requirements for electrical workers
05/16/94 - Spider Boxes on Construction Sites
04/01/93 - Labeling of Temporary Electrical Circuits


Excavation

05/29/14 - Foundation/Basement Excavations
03/25/03 - Trench Shields
07/25/02 - Shoring Systems
07/13/93 - Shallow Trench Excavations
09/30/91 - Excavation/Competent person and radial arm saw guarding
03/01/89 - Tripod, Rescue-Descend Standards


Eyewash and deluge showers

08/02/07 - Pesticide labels and eyewash requirements
05/25/07 - Tempered Eye Wash Stations


Fall protection

10/09/12 - Fall Protection in Confined Spaces
01/26/12 - Fall Protection chip trailers
01/26/12 - Fall Protection During Building Maintenance
02/25/11 - Fish Hatcheries
02/26/09 - Climbing Rebar
07/14/08 - Construction Activity -vs- Maintenance Work
06/04/07 - Warning Lines
05/07/07 - Fall protection while refueling vehicles
10/21/05 - Guardrails, stair railings, parapets
08/16/02 - Distance from edge tie off question
07/05/02 - Comparing prussik knots to mechanical grab devices
07/16/01 - Fall Protection Requirements for Working on Cell Phone Towers
09/01/00 - Body Belts in Aerial Lifts
06/16/98 - Body harness vs. belts in Electrical Power Work
11/13/97 - Rail Car Workers
05/20/97 - Fall Protection in Electrical Power work
11/18/96 - Catch platforms
06/17/96 - Fall protection and return-to-work programs
02/28/96 - Fall protection temporary and fixed work platforms


Firefighters

01/26/12 - Leg Protection for Fire Fighters using Chain Saws
01/12/12 - High Visibility Safety Garments
03/30/10 - Training of Minors in Fire Cadet Program
10/30/08 - Employer responsibility during emergencies
07/11/08 - Fall protection for "real-time" simulated fire service training on elevated surfaces
05/25/07 - Operating fire department apparatus
05/15/07 - Live fire burn
11/28/05 - Volunteer Firefighting training requirements
04/22/05 - Correct PPE Standards for Fire Fighters
03/26/03 - Fire Code Interpretations, Personal Protective Equipment requirements of the 2 in 2 out rule
01/31/03 - Intent of OAR 437-002-0182(25) & (26)
11/18/02 - 2 in 2 out rule, stand-by firefighter performing other duties (revised April 15, and July 21, 2005)
01/29/01 - Replacement of the Oregon Basic Firefighter Course with the National Fire Protection (NFPA 1403)
01/25/99 - Personal alert safety system devices
10/06/97 - Protective clothing during fire suppression activities
12/05/96 - Fire fighters and lockout/tagout
11/18/96 - Fire suppression
09/27/96 - Fire fighters and gas valves
06/14/96 - Fire Fighters--Minimum number to respond to structural fire


Fire protection

07/11/08 - Fall protection for "real-time" simulated fire service training on elevated surfaces
08/02/07 - Fire extinguisher inspections at remote, unoccupied locations
10/28/98 - UCB Fire Rated hatch


First Aid

08/25/09 - Providing MSDS sheets while working with dietary supplements
10/11/04 - First Aid: Requirement to have supplies in unlocked cabinets, available and accessible
08/13/04 - Employees Designated as First-Aid Providers
06/23/99 - First aid & CPR retraining intervals
03/02/94 - First Aid Regulations--Interpretation of
02/26/93 - First Aid Regulations Interpretations
06/08/92 - Tree Top CPR


Flammable/combustible liquids

11/10/09 - Clarification on the Flammable and Combustible Liquids Standards
11/09/99 - DOT Approved Gas Cans
03/21/94 - Disposable Butane Lighters
10/19/93 - Gasoline Storage Containers


Formaldehyde

07/23/07 - Bulk formaldehyde sample analysis methods
01/19/90 - Formaldehyde -- Use in Funeral Homes


General safety and health interpretations

05/18/99 - Installation of metal and woodworking machinery
09/27/96 - High pressure water lines
03/21/94 - Portable Electric Grinders
11/18/92 - Amount of time for a new business to comply with the OSHA Rules


Hazard communication

05/04/10 - Train Workers in a Manner They Understand
08/25/09 - Providing MSDS sheets while working with dietary supplements
10/31/08 - MSDS for Metals
09/25/06 - Compressed Air Pipe Labelling
04/07/03 - H2S Exposure
05/21/99 - Electronic access to MSDS's
10/15/98 - MSDS for waste oils
08/24/98 - MSDS Requirements for aerosol paint cans
06/30/98 - Storing all MSDSs in one place
06/16/98 - Hazardous Chemicals in Paint
06/16/98 - Retail distributors selling hazardous chemicals
03/06/98 - Storing MSDSs electronically
04/14/97 - Documentation of training
03/21/97 - Applicability to drugs
01/16/97 - Labeling requirements
07/30/96 - Chemicals requiring a MSDS
11/18/92 - Amount of time for a new business to comply with the OSHA Rules
10/23/91 - HazComm: Employer Responsibility


Hazardous substances/chemicals

09/25/06 - Compressed Air Pipe Labelling
01/01/05 - Four questions about state OSHA program
08/13/04 - Employees Designated as First-Aid Providers
04/07/03 - H2S Exposure
01/31/03 - Intent of OAR 437-002-0182(25) & (26)
11/29/01 - Arsenic
05/24/00 - Fluorescent Light Fixtures Containing Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)
06/30/98 - Clarification of lead Standard
06/16/98 - Hazardous Chemicals in Paint
05/21/98 - Storage of Garlon-4 and Crop oil
01/08/98 - Exposure to Lead, Arsenic and hydrocarbons
11/14/94 - Lead in Construction: Observer respirator requirements
03/21/94 - Oregon Emergency Response System
03/21/94 - Carbon Monoxide Gas Formation in Closed Dairy Equipment
03/21/94 - Silane Gas (Silicon Tetrahydride)
03/21/94 - Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) Cylinders
10/01/93 - Anhydrous Ammonia
09/05/80 - Loading/Unloading of Anhydrous Ammonia


Hazardous waste operations - HAZWOPER

07/24/13 - Train the Trainer
09/01/09 - HazWoper: Training Levels for Firefighters
01/07/09 - HazWoper: Underground Tank Work
10/25/04 - Removing animals from meth. houses
06/12/98 - Hazardous Waste and Emergency Response Training
04/02/97 - Medical support personnel
03/21/94 - Oregon Emergency Response System


Insurer/self-insurer

04/04/12 - Loss Prevention Programs
03/03/10 - Carriers providing hygiene sampling for employers


Jurisdiction

12/03/12 - Law Enforcement
08/23/11 - Jurisdiction for farms when the farm's only employees are family members
01/22/10 - Jurisdiction over Adult Foster Homes
03/16/05 - OSEA Act
01/23/04 - Recordkeeping requirements for prisoners
08/14/02 - Jurisdiction over non-profit organizations
03/06/01 - Jurisdiction of city, state & county employees
01/23/01 - Jurisdiction of employees working on mine property
12/01/98 - Jurisdiction of Tribal and Native-American owned enterprise
11/13/97 - Rail Car Workers
06/27/97 - Application of rules and sole proprietorship
05/07/92 - Volunteer Fire Departments


Labor housing

08/14/14 - Agricultural Labor Housing Interpretations
08/06/08 - Agriculture labor housing (ALH) heater memo
12/12/00 - Hot Water Requirements
12/09/99 - Composting Toilets in Labor Housing
04/08/99 - Labor Camps, Emergency Situations (Revised April 11, 2003)
01/06/99 - Windows in agricultural housing units
08/02/96 - Labor Camp Inspection Meeting with U. S. Department of Labor


Ladders

06/19/01 - Ladders and Roof Hatches
01/24/00 - Using Orchard Ladders for other than orchard work
08/15/97 - Extension ladders
07/03/97 - Ladders using hoisting devices
01/24/97 - Fixed ladders used in vaults
08/21/96 - Climbing bar vs. cage
05/24/93 - Ladders Attached to Scaffolding
09/05/91 - Construction Ladder Code


Lockout (Control of hazardous energy)

05/04/10 - Train Workers in a Manner They Understand
11/14/03 - Periodic inspection
12/05/96 - Fire fighters and lockout/tagout
02/15/93 - Lockout Device Removed by Employer


Logging/forest activities

03/29/13 - Eye and Face Protection when using a Chainsaw
08/13/04 - Employees Designated as First-Aid Providers
01/11/01 - Volunteer Employee Regulations
02/26/98 - Handling of Infectious Materials
01/15/97 - Collateral Duty
11/18/96 - Fire suppression
01/15/96 - Waiving Hepatitis B Vaccination
03/21/94 - Pinch Point hazards on skid steer loaders w/backhoe


Machine guarding

05/18/99 - Installation of metal and woodworking machinery
05/11/99 - Guarding on printing machines
01/08/97 - Radial arm saws
03/10/95 - Craftsman Radial Arm Saw
05/17/94 - Guarding of Machinery by Location
04/08/94 - Wire Wheel Guarding
09/30/91 - Excavation/Competent person and radial arm saw guarding
04/30/91 - Chain-type Radial Arm Saw Lower Blade Guard
01/16/90 - Makita Powered Mitre Box Saw


Material handling

09/01/09 - Stacking Materials (Safe Heights)
06/22/04 - Securing Lumber Loads within Yard
11/26/02 - Division 3, Subdivision R Interpretations
09/29/97 - Transportation of materials, equipment, tools


Noise

05/16/07 - Recordkeeping - noise
04/26/05 - Clarification Standard Threshold Shifts (STS)
02/23/05 - Presbycusis and OSHA 300 log (revised from August 4, 2000 memo)
04/02/01 - Clarification of representative personal sampling
08/08/00 - Presbycusis Charts for Hearing Loss
08/04/00 - Hearing Loss and OSHA 200 log


Personal protective equipment

03/29/13 - Eye and Face Protection when using a Chainsaw
05/18/12 - Power line tree trimmers wearing chaps
04/19/12 - Clarification of High Visibility Safety garments in construction
01/26/12 - Leg Protection for Fire Fighters using Chain Saws
01/12/12 - Protective Coats
01/12/12 - Using latex gloves around moving machinery
01/12/12 - High Visibility Safety Garments
01/28/08 - Rubber goods use and testing
03/26/03 - Fire Code Interpretations, Personal Protective Equipment requirements of the 2 in 2 out rule
07/03/97 - Ladders using hoisting devices
04/21/97 - Required use of eye protection
06/26/96 - Testing rubber gloves


Powered industrial trucks

03/20/09 - Lever lock brake devices
10/31/08 - Trailer Jacks
03/08/07 - Forklift operator refresher training and evaluation program for truck drivers.
12/26/06 - Forklift Operator Certification (Revised 12/26/2006)
08/22/06 - Forklift extensions exceeding 1.5 times standard
03/24/03 - Mast Guards on Forklifts
04/03/00 - Pre-Shift Industrial Truck Inspections


Recordkeeping/reporting

05/31/07 - Deleting Entries
05/16/07 - Recordkeeping - noise
09/20/06 - Reporting Requirements--Hospitalizations
01/01/05 - Four questions about state OSHA program
04/15/04 - Recordkeeping requirements for volunteer firefighters
01/23/04 - Recordkeeping requirements for prisoners
05/08/02 - OSHA record-keeping and workers' compensation claim confidentiality


Respiratory protection

08/29/12 - N-95 Respirators
05/04/10 - Train Workers in a Manner They Understand
10/31/08 - Definition of Administer as applies to Respiratory Protection
02/11/08 - Tuberculosis and Enforcement of Respiratory Protection Standard
03/26/03 - Fire Code Interpretations, Personal Protective Equipment requirements of the 2 in 2 out rule
11/29/01 - Arsenic
08/17/99 - Respiratory Protection
03/16/99 - Written respiratory program
11/20/98 - Temporary Agency Employers - Requirements of Respiratory Protection 1910.134
02/06/98 - Required alarms for respirators & oil-lubricated air compressors
06/14/96 - Fire Fighters--Minimum number to respond to structural fire
11/14/94 - Lead in Construction: Observer respirator requirements


Safety committee

03/10/04 - Obligations under Division 1 to inspect State buildings
11/18/92 - Amount of time for a new business to comply with the OSHA Rules


Sawmills

09/01/09 - Stacking Materials (Safe Heights)
06/22/04 - Securing Lumber Loads within Yard
02/23/04 - Using stickers to ensure stability for stacking of lumber.


Scaffolds

12/20/06 - Welded frame scaffold illustration
03/19/01 - Planking Requirements for Scaffolds
09/27/00 - Scaffold Base Plates and Mud Sills 29 CFR 1910.451(c)(2) (Revised April 8, 2003)
06/16/98 - Space between wall and scaffold
02/18/97 - Regulations on scaffolding and lifeline tie offs
11/18/96 - Catch platforms
07/28/95 - Use of Scaffolding as an Anchorage for Personal Fall Arrest Systems
05/24/93 - Ladders Attached to Scaffolding


Spray finishing


Training

07/24/13 - Train the Trainer
05/04/10 - Train Workers in a Manner They Understand
09/01/09 - HazWoper: Training Levels for Firefighters
03/08/07 - Forklift operator refresher training and evaluation program for truck drivers.
12/26/06 - Forklift Operator Certification (Revised 12/26/2006)
07/05/02 - Comparing prussik knots to mechanical grab devices
07/23/01 - Refresher Training
06/23/99 - First aid & CPR retraining intervals
12/16/94 - Operations of Cranes
06/08/92 - Tree Top CPR


Trees and shrub services

04/02/99 - Tree trimming
07/15/97 - Safety in Tree Care and Removal Business


Vehicles

10/31/08 - Trailer Jacks
05/07/07 - Fall protection while refueling vehicles
11/28/05 - Volunteer Firefighting training requirements
06/22/04 - Securing Lumber Loads within Yard
04/10/96 - Alternative Safe Riding Facililties
04/20/95 - Lever Lock Brake Line Pressure Locking Devices (RESCINDED 11/9/07)
06/11/93 - Alternative Safe Riding Facililties
02/11/93 - Vehicles Manufactured Without Seatbelts (RESCINDED 11/9/07)


Walking/working surfaces

01/26/12 - Fall Protection During Building Maintenance
02/25/11 - Fish Hatcheries
10/21/05 - Guardrails, stair railings, parapets
07/20/04 - Storage rack system
02/28/96 - Fall protection temporary and fixed work platforms
03/01/95 - Floor Load Calculations


Welding

04/22/09 - Transport and storage of compressed gas cylinders
10/31/08 - MSDS for Metals
05/29/01 - Backflow/Flashback Preventers (REVISED)
11/24/92 - Backflow and Flashback Devices on Welding Torches


Working over water

04/30/14 - Working on or over water
04/07/99 - Lifesaving skiff